John Gainsford

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ChartsAncestors of Edward Ambrose Cooke
John Gainsford, son of John Gainsford, died 19 July 1450,1 and was buried at Crowhurst Church, Surrey, England.1

John Gainsford sat as a Knight of the Shire for co. Surrey in Parliament, 12 January 1430.

He added to the family estates by purchases in co. Surrey and in 1440 acquired all the properties formerly eld by the de la Poyles, including Hampton Poyle.

He was steward of the Duke of Buckingham for the duke's land's in co. Surrey from 1428 to 1448. The manor house at Crowhust Place, today a private residence, was built by the mid-fiftheenth century, probably at his direction. The original house, moated and two stories high, was of brick and half-timber, with a hall the full width and height of the building. At the south end of the all was a witdrawing room, with bedrooms above, and at the north end were screens with the buttery and pantry. About twenty five by twenty-four feet, the hall was heated by an open fire in the center with the smoke escaping thourgh a louvered opening in the roof. The roof is considered a rare surviving example of medieval joinery.2

His final resting place is in the Crowhurst church against the north wall of the chancel where his tomb is marked with a brass plate bearing his effigy in armor.1

John left a will dated 12 November 1448, and proved 9 November 1450, mentions furniture in the chapel, hall, chambers, pantry, and kitchen of the house. Bequests included silver plate weighing about 200 ounces, items of silver being one of the few ways available to store surplus wealth.1


This person was last edited on17 Jul 2016


  1. [S1871] Charles M. Hansen, "The Barons of Wodhull with Observations on the Ancestry of George Elkinton, Emigrant to New Jersey," The Genealogist 7-8 (1986-1987): 4-126, at 69, further cited as Hansen, "The Barons of Wodhull."
  2. [S1871] Hansen, "The Barons of Wodhull," 68-9.
  3. [S1866] Adrian Benjamin Burke, John Blythe Dobson and Janet Chevalley Wolfe, "The Exhurst Ancestry of the Stoughton Siblings of New England," The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 165 (Oct 2011): 244-260 & 166 (Jan 2012): 46-70, at 166:57 n15, further cited as Burke, Dobson, and Wolfe, "Exhurst Ancestry of the Stoughton Siblings."