Barnabas Carter

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ChartsAncestors of Adele La Force
Barnabas Carter, son of Samuel Carter and Tabitha Smith, was born at Elizabethtown, Essex Co., New Jersey, say 1680.1 He died at Chatham, Morris Co., New Jersey, in October 1748, and was buried at Madison, Morris Co., New Jersey.1,2

Without a doubt, Barnabas was a grandson of Nicholas Carter, but of which son is not certain. Two of Nicholas' sons, John & Nicholas Jr. are obscure, but he is mentioned several times in the records in conjunction with Samuel, so that is where he is placed.

It has been suggested that an exhaustive study of early Elizabethtown land records may develop some proof as to which son of the first Nicholas was the father of Barnabas.

He appears in the records on a trip with Samuel Carter in Sep 1700, and signs a petition to the King in 1701, also with Samuel.

Sometime between 1730 and 1735 Barnabas moved to Chatham or Madison (then called Hanover), and later South Hanover and Bottle Hill. With the aid of his son Benjamin he built the first grist mill in the vicinity of the Passaic River, a few feet below where stood the stream mill, built in 1854. The mill dam was thrown across the valley, which flooded the land to the north, making a considerable stream part of the year but quite dry in the summer.

The church was organized under the name of the "Presbyterian Church of South Hanover," which was its ecclesiastical designation for the succeeding seventy years. The exact date of its organization cannot be determined, nor is there known to exist any account of services connected with its new life. This is, no doubt, owing to the loss and probable destruction of the church records for the first forty years of its existence. There is now doubt, however, that the movement began in 1746, and that the church was organized some time in 1754. In 1817 the name was changed to "The First Presbyterian Church of the Township of Chatham," which name it bore until 1846; since then it has been called "The Presbyterian Church of Madison," the name Madison having been officially given to the place about fifteen years before. Members of the Carter household were among its regular attendants.

He appraised the estate of Abraham Cory sometime in the early 1740's. The will was dated 13 Aug 1740 and a Nicholas Carter was one of the three witnesses.

Barnabas' will was dated 1 Oct 1748 and he termed himself "gentleman" and "being very weak." The will was proved at Burlington 19 Oct 1748 by his executors, his sons Barnabas and Benjamin.1


  • (…) Carter1
  • Mary Carter1
  • Barnabas Carter1,2 b. 1701, d. 11 Sep 1776
  • Benjamin Carter1 b. 1703, d. 1753
  • Captain Luke Carter+1 b. 1706, d. 3 Oct 1759
  • Nathaniel Carter1 b. 1710
This person was last edited on9 Nov 2015


  1. [S14] C. H. Cory, Lineal Ancestors of Captain James Cory and of His Descendants: Genealogical Historical and Biographical, Vol I Pt 2 ([New Jersey]: s.p., 1937), 332-356, further cited as Cory, Ancestors of Captain James Cory.
  2. [S117] Viola E. Shaw and Barbara S. Parker, compilers, Madison, New Jersey Presbyterian Church Vital Records 1747-1900 (Madison, New Jersey: The Presbyterian Church of Madison, N.J., 1982), 63, further cited as Shaw and Parker, Madison Presbyterian Church Records.